French Places & Buildings Words & Vocabulary

french-colors-vocabulary-list

This section covers the words and vocabulary used to describe French places and buildings

The most iconic place in France today is the Eiffel Tower. But did you know Mr. Gustave Eiffel, the architect behind this structure, received sharp criticisms before, during and after its construction? For example, renowned French writer Paul Verlaine called the Eiffel Tower "this belfry skeleton", while François Coppée vilified the tower as "incomplete, confused and deformed". I wonder how they would feel today, mdr/lol. 

Although I cover some iconic French sites, this vocabulary section is intended to cover mainly public places found in most cities and towns around the world, including the City hall, hospital, primary school, and so on.

    So check out the following French French places and buildings words and vocabulary and see how many of them you already know.

    1. Educational Sites

    french-english-vocabulary-translation

    FRENCH

    |ENGLISH

    |SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

    french vocabulary nursery la crèche

    1. une crèche

    Nursery; Day-care center

    La liste d'attente pour la crèche est longue./ The waiting list for the day-care center is long.

    french vocabulary la maternelle kindergarten

    2. la maternelle

    Kindergarten

    Le petit Alex est à la maternelle./ Little Alex is in kindergarten.

    french vocabulary primary school école primaire

    3. l'école primaire (f.)

    Primary/Elementary school

    L'école primaire est loin d'ici./ The primary school is far from here.

    french vocabulary junior high school collège

    4. le collège

    Junior high school

    Christine va maintenant au collège./ Christine now goes to junior high school.

    le lycée senior high school french vocabulary

    5. le lycée

    Senior high school

    Ce lycée est grand./This senior high school is big.

    french university université

    6. l'université (f.)

    University

    Je fais du droit à l' université./ I'm studying law at the university.

    french vocabulary campus la fac

    7. la fac

    University

    Je dois me rendre à la fac ce matin./ I must head to university this morning.

    french graduate school école de 3ème cycle

    8. école supérieure de 3è cycle

    Graduate school

    Il y a moins d'étudiants à l'école supérieure de 3ème cycle./ There are less students in graduate school

    french graduate school école de 3ème cycle

    9. la Grande École

    Grande Ecole

    Tom a été admis dans une Grande École./ Tom got accepted into a Grande Ecole.

    french vocabulary campus la fac

    10. un campus

    Campus

    Ce campus est vaste./ This campus is vast.

    french vocabulary campus la fac

    11. une résidence universitaire

    Campus dormitory

    J'ai une chambre en résidence universitaire./ I have a room in residence hall.

    2. Religious Sites

    french-english-vocabulary-translation

    FRENCH

    |ENGLISH

    |SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

    french vocabulary cathedral la cathédrale

    12. une cathédrale

    Cathedral

    Cette cathédrale est magnifique./ This cathedral is magnificent.

    french vocabulary synagogue

    13.

    une synagogue

    Synagogue

    Amir va à la synagogue tous les samedis./ Amir goes to the synagogue every Saturday.

    french vocabulary temple

    14.

    un temple

    Temple

    Ce temple sera renové./ This temple will be renovated.

    french vocabulary church l'église

    15.

    une église

    Church

    C'est une nouvelle église./ It is a new church.

    french vocabulary shrine un sanctuaire

    16.

    un sanctuaire

    Shrine

    Ce sanctuaire est un lieu de pélerinage./ This shrine is a pilgrimage site.

    french vocabulary notre dame de paris

    17. Notre-Dame de Paris

    Notre-Dame Cathedral

    Notre-Dame de Paris est une cathédrale célèbre./ The Notre-Dame is a famous cathedral.

    french mosque la mosquée

    18. une mosquée

    Mosque

    La mosquée est pleine le jour du Ramadan./ The mosque is full on Ramadan day.

    3. Travel/Transportation Sites

    french-english-vocabulary-translation

    FRENCH

    |ENGLISH

    |SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

    french vocabulary la gare train station

    19. une gare

    Train station

    Un train entre en gare./ A train is pulling into the station.

    french vocabulary bus station gare routière

    20. une gare routière

    Bus station; Bus terminal

    La gare routière est bondée de touristes./ The bus station is filled with tourists.

    french vocabulary un quai platform

    21. un quai

    Platform

    Les passagers attendent sur le quai./ The passengers are waiting on the platform.

    french vocabulary l'aéroport airport

    22. un aéroport

    Airport

    Mon avion atterrira à l'aéroport de Narita./ My plane will land at Narita airport.

    french vocabulary bus stop

    23.

    un arrêt de bus

    Bus stop

    L'arrêt de bus est au coin de la rue./ The bus stop is at the street corner.

    french metro station subway stop

    24.

    une station

    Subway/Underground stop

    Une station de métro./ A subway station.

    french vocabulary port

    25. un port

    Port; Harbor

    Le bateau entre au port./ The ship pulls into port.

    4. Services

    french-english-vocabulary-translation

    FRENCH

    |ENGLISH

    |SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

    french vocabulary city hall la mairie

    26.

    la mairie

    City Hall, Town Hall

    La mairie n'ouvre pas les samedi et dimanche./ City hall isn't open on Saturdays and Sundays.

    french vocabulary hotel

    27.

    un hotel

    Hotel

    Une chambre d'hôtel./A hotel room.

    french vocabulary police commissariat de police

    28.

    un commissariat de police

    Police station

    Les policiers travaillent au commissariat de police./ Police agents work at the police station.

    french vocabulary banque bank

    29. une banque

    Bank

    Je travaille dans cette banque./ I work in this bank.

    french vocabulary post office la poste

    30.

    une poste

    Post office

    Je vais retirer un colis à la poste./ I am going to collect a package at the post office.

    french-bibliothèque library vocabulary

    31. une bibliothèque

    Caramel

    J'ai emprunté des livres à la bibliothèque./ I borrowed some books at the library.

    fernch vocabulary hospital hôpital

    32. un hôpital

    Hospital

    Les infirmiers de cet hôpital sont en grève./ The nurses of this hospital are on strike.

    french vocabulary clinic clinique

    33.

    une clinique

    Clinic

    Ce docteur possède une clinique privée./ This doctor owns a private clinic.

    french pharmacy pharmacie drugstore vocabulary

    34.

    une pharmacie

    Drugstore; Pharmacy

    On achète les médicaments à la pharmacie./ Meds are bought at the pharmacy.

    french vocabulary gas station essence

    35. une station essence

    Gas station

    Zut! La station essence est fermée./ Shoot, the gas station is closed.

    5. Commercial Sites

    french-english-vocabulary-translation

    FRENCH

    |ENGLISH

    |SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

    french vocabulary restaurant

    36. un restaurant

    Restaurant

    Le service dans ce restaurant est terrible./ The service is this restaurant is terrible.

    french vocabulary fast food restaurant

    37.

    un fast-food

    Fast-food restaurant

    Et si on allait au fast-food maintenant?/ Want to go to a fast-food restaurant now?

    french vocabulary store boutique

    38. une boutique

    Shop; Store

    Il y a une petite boutique au coin de la rue./ There's a small shop at the street corner.

    french magasin larger store

    39. un magasin

    Larger store

    Ce magasin est ouvert 24 heures sur 24./ This (larger) store is open 24/7.

    fernch supermarket supermarché

    40. un supermarché

    Supermarket

    Elle travaille dans un supermarché./ She works in a supermarket.

    french magasin larger store

    41. un marché

    Market

    Il y a un marché en plein air dans ce quartier./ There's an open-air market in this neighborhood.

    french vocabulary centre commercial shopping mall

    42. un centre commercial

    Shopping mall

    Ce centre commercial est situé en zone résidentielle./ This shopping mall is located in a residential area.

    french vocabulary flower shop fleuriste

    43. chez le fleuriste

    Flower shop

    J'achète des tulipes chez le fleuriste. / I buy some tulips at the flower shop.

    french vocabulary coffee shop café

    44. un café

    Coffee shop

    Je t'invite au café./ I invite you to the coffee shop.

    french vocabulary café tabac

    45. un café-tabac

    Café and tobacconist

    Tu peux acheter des cigarettes dans ce café-tabac./ You can buy cigarettes in this café-tobacconist.

    french vocabulary grocery shop épicerie

    46. une épicerie

    Grocery store

    L'épicerie sera fermée demain./ The grocery store will be closed tomorrow.

    french vocabulary boucher butcher's

    47. chez le boucher

    Butcher's

    Il y a de la viande de boeuf chez le boucher./ There's some beef at the butcher's.

    french vocabulary bakery boulangerie

    48. une boulangerie

    Bakery

    Les pains dans cette boulangerie sont croustillants./ The breads in this bakery are crusty.

    french vocabulary cake shop pâtisserie

    49. une pâtisserie

    Cake shop

    J'ai commandé un gâteau à la pâtisserie./ I ordered a cake at the bakery.

    french vocabulary salon de coiffure hairdressing

    50. un salon de coiffure

    Hairdressing salon

    As-tu déjà essayé ce salon de coiffure?/ Have you already tried this hairdressing salon?

    french vocabulary barbershop le coiffeur

    51. chez le coiffeur

    Barbershop

    J'irai chez le coiffeur demain./ I'll go to the barbershop tomorrow.

    fernch vocabulary marchand de vin wine shop

    52. chez le marchand de vin

    Liquor store

    Achète une bouteille de cognac chez le marchand de vin s'il-te-plaît./ Please buy a bottle of cognac at the liquor store

    french vocabulary librairie bookstore

    53. une librairie

    Bookstore

    Ce livre est maintant disponible en librairie./ This book is now avaible at the bookstore.

    french vocabulary factory usine

    54. une usine

    Factory

    Cette usine vient de fermer pour de bon./ This factory just shut off permanently.

    french vocabulary fishmonger poissonnier

    55. un poissonnier

    Fishmonger; Fish dealer

    Tu trouveras du thon chez le poissonnier./ You'll find some tuna at the fishmonger.

    6. Sports and Recreational Sites

    french-english-vocabulary-translation

    FRENCH

    |ENGLISH

    |SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

    french vocabulary night club

    56. une boîte de nuit

    Nightclub

    On va danser en boîte de nuit ce soir./We're dancing at the club tonight.

    french vocabulary bar

    57. un bar

    Bar

    Il passe tout son temps dans les bars./ He spends all his time in bars.

    french vocabulary parc park

    58. un parc

    Park

    Je me promène dans ce parc tous les jours./ I take a walk in this park every day.

    french vocabulary garden jardin

    59. un jardin

    Garden

    Il y a un jardin public tout près./ There is a public garden quite near.

    french vocabulary Disneyland paris

    60. Disneyland Paris

    Disneyland

    Nous irons à Disneyland Paris la semaine prochaine./ My scar now has a cafe-au-lait couleur.

    french vocabulary zoo

    61. un zoo

    Zoo

    Est-ce qu'il y a un panda dans ce zoo?/ Is there any panda in this zoo?

    french vocabulary aquarium

    62. un aquarium

    Aquarium

    Nous avons visité l'aquarium de la municipalité./ We visit the town's aquarium.

    french vocabulary botanical garden jardin botanique

    63. un jardin botanique

    Botanical garden

    J'aime me promener dans ce jardin botanique./ I enjoy taking walks in this botanical garden.

    fernch vocabulary museum musee

    64. un musée

    Museum

    Ce musée possède des tableaux célèbres./ This museum owns famous paintings.

    french vocabulary opera

    65. un opéra

    Opera

    Mes parents vont aller à l'opéra ce soir./ My parents are going to the opera tonight.

    french vocabulary cinema movie theater

    66. un cinéma

    Movie theater; Cinema

    Le cinéma du quartier passe de vieux films./ The neighborhood's movie theater shows old movies.

    french vocabulary stadium stade

    67. un stade

    Stadium

    Le stade est plein à craquer./ The stadium is full to breaking point.

    french vocabulary gymnasium gymnase

    68. un gymnase

    Gymnasium

    Il passe beaucoup de temps au gymnase./ He spends a lot of time in the gymnasium.

    french public square place vocabulary

    69. une place

    Plaza; Public square

    Nous nous sommes réunis sur la place./ We gathered in the plaza.

    french-café-au-lait-color-vocabulary-list

    70. une piscine

    Swimming pool

    Je veux aller à la piscine ce weekend./ I want to go to the pool this weekend.

    french beach plage vocabulary

    71. une plage

    Beach

    Ils passeront l'après-midi à la plage./ They'll spend the afternoon at the beach.

    7. Buildings & Location-Related French Words

    french-english-vocabulary-translation

    FRENCH

    |ENGLISH

    |SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

    french vocabulary building bâtiment

    72. un bâtiment

    Building

    C'est un bâtiment ancien./ This is an old building.

    french vocabulary multi-story building immeuble

    73. un immeuble

    (Multi-story) building

    Il y a une poste dans ce grand immeuble./ There is a post office in this tall building.

    french vocabulary skyscraper gratte-ciel

    74. un gratte-ciel

    Skyscraper

    L'Empire State Building est un gratte-ciel./ The Empire State Building is a skyscraper.

    french vocabulary location lieu

    75. un lieu

    Location

    C'est le lieu de l'évènement./ This is the place of the event.

    french vocabulary location lieu

    76. un endroit

    Location

    Ce n'est pas le bon endroit./ It's not the right place.

    french vocabulary address adresse

    77. une adresse

    Address

    Voilà mon adresse./ Here's my address.

    french vocabulary location lieu

    78. une zone, un coin

    Area

    Je ne suis pas de ce coin./ I'm not from this area.

    french vocabulary quartier neighborhood

    79. un quartier

    neighborhood

    Habites-tu dans ce quartier?/ Do you live in this neighborhood?

    The above are the words commonly used for French buildings and places. I will add in more words related to French buildings and places in the future. In the meantime, if you have ever been to France, why don't you share with us in the comment your experience about an epic place you've visited? Or maybe you've been in another French-speaking country (Senegal, Canada, French Guyana, etc.)...I'd love to hear your stories, too.


    New! Comments

    Have a say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

    Contact Us

    Japan's Mobile

    81-050-5539-0644

    Your Name (required)

    Your Email (required)

    Subject

    Your Message

    Opening Times

    24/7