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CHAPTER 1 – Definition – Definite article – Article défini

definite article , known as un article défini in French, can have two main functions:

  1. As an equivalent of the in English, the definite article (le, la, les, l’) is employed to refer to a specific item or items within a category. –> Il a emprunté la voiture / He borrowed the car. (Among all existing cars in the garage, in the world or in your neighborhood, he borrowed the car).
  2. The definite article can also serve to show that a noun is used in a universal sense to suggest the whole of a category. Note that the is rarely used in English in that case. –> J’aime le chocolat / I like chocolate. 
  3. –> Les tigres sont plus féroces que les chiens. Tigers are more ferocious than dogs.