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CHAPTER 16 – Definition – Suffix – Suffixe

Beginner-Friendly Explanation:

In French grammar, a suffix (suffixe) is a small part added to the end of a word to change its meaning or how it’s used in a sentence. Suffixes can make words into different forms, like turning a verb into a noun or an adjective into an adverb.

Here are some examples of suffixes in French:

  • Adding “-er” to “mang” forms “manger” (to eat).
  • Adding “-ment” to “heureux” forms “heureusement” (happily).
  • Adding “-able” to “aimer” forms “aimable” (likable).

Learning about suffixes helps you understand how words work and allows you to create new words with different meanings in French.

Advanced-Level Explanation:

In French grammar, a suffix (suffixe) is a small part that is added to the end of a word to modify its meaning, category, or grammatical function. Suffixes play a crucial role in word formation and can transform a word into a different form or indicate specific properties.

Here are some examples of suffixes in French:

  • The suffix “-ment” added to an adjective forms an adverb. For example, “heureux” (happy) becomes “heureusement” (happily).
  • The suffix “-age” added to a verb forms a noun. For example, “voyager” (to travel) becomes “voyage” (travel).
  • The suffix “-iste” added to a noun forms another noun indicating a person. For example, “journal” (newspaper) becomes “journaliste” (journalist).

Understanding suffixes allows you to expand your vocabulary, comprehend word meanings, and create new words with different functions and nuances in French.