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CHAPTER 2 – Definition – Part of speech – Catégorie grammaticale

Called une catégorie grammaticale in French, a part of speech  is nothing but a linguistic designation for groups such as nouns, verbs, adverbs, prepositions and so on.

Every word making up the French language is assigned a part of speech based on the syntactic function it plays. In other words, a part of speech makes it easy to know the role of every word in a sentence.

There are eight or nine parts of speech depending on whether you include differentiate between qualifying adjectives and determiners (articles).