CHAPTER 3 – Definition – Relative clause – Proposition relative

First, a relative clause is a subordinate clause. By this, I simply mean that wherever you will find a relative clause, you are certain to also find a main clause (proposition principal).

Next, a relative clause contains a relative pronoun. It is this relative pronoun that connects the relative clause to its main clause.

The relative clause provides information about a preceding noun called antecedent. The 5 French relative pronouns are qui, que, lequel, dont and où. They are equivalent to the following 7 English words: that, when, where, which, who, whom, and whose.

Le prof qui enseigne les maths est Anglais. / The teacher who teaches math is an Englishman. 

(The underlined portion represents the relative clause and qui is the relative pronoun connecting it to the main clause “Le prof est anglais.” The preceding noun (antecedent) is le prof)