WEATHER– FRENCH VOCABULARY TESTING GUIDE

 56 cards | 14 sub-topics | all 4 skills tested

INTRODUCTION

This French vocabulary section deals mainly with the weather and the seasons

After living in the ruthlessly cold state of Minnesota for over a decade, I can assure you that my conversation topic of choice when out of ideas is, guess what, the weather. 

Believe me, it shouldn’t take you any effort to start a conversation with a total stranger at the bus stop in Minnesota. If you’re a *shy* dude like me, just start talking about the cold weather if you want to break the ice (no pun intended). And truth be told, after you find yourself digging your car out of a couple of feet of snow [early in the morning in sub-temperature] all you’ll want to complain about to someone, anyone, is the snow and the cold weather!

 But maybe I’m exaggerating a little. I should stop ditching snow, sorry, dirt, I meant to say “stop ditching dirt”, on Minnesota. I’ve had the greatest time in this beautiful state (in spite of, ahem, the rough winters) – Both my children born there clearly attest to this fact 🙂

OK, now, let’s study the French words and expressions relating to the weather and seasons.

1. HOW TO START A WEATHER CONVERSATION

1.1 Common weather questions

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FRENCH

ENGLISH

SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

1. quel temps fait-il?

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-what-is-the-weather-like.mp3″]

What’s the weather like? / How’s the weather?

Quel temps fait-il Ă  Moscou aujourd’hui?/ What’s the weather like in Moscow today?

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/quel-temps-fait-il-a-moscou-aujourdhui.mp3″]

2. quelle est la météo?

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-what-is-the-weather-forecast.mp3″]

What’s the (weather) forecast?

Quelle est la météo pour demain?/ What is the forecast for tomorrow?

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/quelle-est-la-meteo-pour-demain.mp3″]

1.2 The 3 weather sentence structures with *il…*

The sole purpose of the next two sections is to teach you the most typical sentence structures to use when describing any weather condition. Therefore, you do not need to study the weather condition itself. Just familiarize yourself with the following French weather phrases. Later on, I will provide more detailed French expressions you can use to talk about the weather.

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

3. il fait…(chaud/froid/frais/beau, etc)

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-it-is-weather-condition.mp3″]

It is… (+ weather condition)

Il fait froid ce matin./ It is cold this morning.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-fait-froid-ce-matin.mp3″]

4. il y a (du soleil/ de la neige, du brouillard, etc)

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-it-is-weather-condition-2.mp3″]

It is… (+ weather condition) / There is (+ weather element)

Il y a de la neige au sol ce matin./ There is snow on the ground this morning.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-y-a-de-la-neige-au-sol-ce-matin.mp3″]

5. il (+ verb)

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-it-is-weather-condition-3.mp3″]

it is… (+ verb)

il pleut tous les jours./ It is raining every day.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-pleut-tous-les-jours.mp3″]

1.3 Describing the weather with adjectives

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

6. le temps est…

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-the-weather-is-weather-condition.mp3″]

The weather (or It) is…

Le temps est ensoleillé./ The weather is sunny.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/le-temps-est-ensoleille.mp3″]

1.4 The prepositions to use with the seasons

Use the French prepositions en and au to talk about the seasons. Other than that, use the definite article (le) or (l) [Summer is hot –> l’Ă©tĂ© est chaud].

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

7. en été

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-in-summer.mp3″]

In summer…

En été, il fait chaud./ It is hot in summer.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/en-ete-il-fait-chaud.mp3″]

8. en automne

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-in-fall-autumn.mp3″]

In fall (automn)…

En automne, les feuilles tombent des arbres./ In fall, leaves fall from trees.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/en-automne-les-feuilles-tombent-des-arbres.mp3″]

9. en hiver

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In winter…

En hiver, il neige./ It snows in winter.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/en-hiver-il-neige.mp3″]

10. au printemps

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-in-spring.mp3″]

In spring…

Au printemps, il pleut beaucoup./ It rains a lot in spring.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/au-printemps-il-pleut-beaucoup.mp3″]

2. WEATHER VOCABULARY

2.1 Temperature-related words

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

11. la chaleur

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-heat.mp3″]

Heat

Le bĂ©bĂ© ne supporte pas la chaleur./ The baby can’t stand the heat.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/le-bebe-ne-supporte-pas-la-chaleur.mp3″]

12. le froid

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-cold.mp3″]

Cold (noun)

Le froid en hiver est difficile Ă  supporter. / In winter, the cold is hard to bear.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/le-froid-en-hiver-est-difficile-a-supporter.mp3″]

13. la fraicheur

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-coolness.mp3″]

Coolness

Je profite de la fraicheur du matin./ I enjoy the coolness of the morning.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/je-profite-de-la-fraicheur-du-matin.mp3″]

14. glacial

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-freezing.mp3″]

Freezing

Je ne sortirai pas dans ce froid glacial./ I will not go out in this freezing cold.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/je-ne-sortirai-pas-dans-ce-froid-glacial.mp3″]

2.2 Rain-related words

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

15. la bruine

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-drizzle.mp3″]

Drizzle

La bruine et le brouillard rendent la conduite dangereuse./ Drizzle and fog make driving hazardous.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/la-bruine-et-le-brouillard-rendent-la-conduite-dangereuse.mp3″]

16. l’inondation (f)

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Flood

Les grosses précipitations ont causé une inondation./ The heavy rainfall caused a flood.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/les-grosses-precipitations-ont-cause-une-inondation.mp3″]

17.

la pluie

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-rain.mp3″]

Rain

J’aime entendre la pluie tomber./ I like to hear the rain fall down.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/j-aime-entendre-la-pluie-tomber.mp3″]

18.

la pluie torrentielle

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-downpour.mp3″]

Downpour

On a arrĂȘtĂ© le concert Ă  cause de pluie torrentielle./ The concert was stopped due to the downpour.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/on-a-arrete-le-concert-a-cause-de-la-pluie-torrentielle.mp3″]

19.

des averses (f.pl)

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Showers

Des averses sont attendues pour lundi./ Showers are expected for Monday.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/des-averses-sont-attendues-pour-lundi.mp3″]

20.

humide

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-damp-humid.mp3″]

Damp

L’herbe est souvent humide le matin./ The grass is often damp in the morning.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/l-herbe-est-souvent-humide-le-matin.mp3″]

2.3 Cold-related words

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

21.

le givre

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-frost.mp3″]

Frost

Ma fenĂȘtre est couverte de givre./ My window is covered with frost.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/ma-vitre-est-couverte-de-givre.mp3″]

22.

le flocon de neige

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-snowflake.mp3″]

Snowflake

Je vois des flocons de neige dans le ciel./ I can see snowflakes in the sky.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/je-vois-des-flocons-de-neige-dans-le-neige.mp3″]

23.

le blizzard

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-blizzard.mp3″]

Blizzard

J’annulerai la randonnĂ©e Ă  cause du blizzard./ I will cancel the hiking activity because of the blizzard.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/j-annulerai-la-randonnee-a-cause-du-blizzard.mp3″]

24.

la neige fondue

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-sleet.mp3″]

Sleet

La neige fondue ralentit la circulation./ The sleet slows down traffic.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/la-neige-fondue-ralentit-la-circulation.mp3″]

25.

la grĂȘle

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-hail.mp3″]

Hail

La grĂȘle peut endommager les voitures./ Hail can damage cars.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/la-grele-peut-endommager-les-voitures.mp3″]

26.

la neige

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-snow.mp3″]

Snow

Une forte tombée de neige./ A heavy snowfall.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/une-forte-tombee-de-neige.mp3″]

2.4 Cloud-related words

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

27.

le nuage

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-cloud.mp3″]

Cloud

Les nuages cachent le soleil./ Clouds are hiding the sun.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/les-nuages-cachent-le-soleil.mp3″]

28.

la clarté du ciel

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-clarity-of-sky.mp3″]

Clear sky

La clarté du ciel ce matin est éblouissante./ The clear sky this morning is dazzling.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/la-clarte-du-ciel-ce-matin-eblouissante.mp3″]

29.

maussade; sombre

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-gloomy.mp3″]

Gloomy

Un temps maussade./ A gloomy weather.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/un-temps-maussade.mp3″]

30.

le brouillard

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Fog

On n’y voit rien dans cet Ă©pais brouillard./ You can’t see a thing in this thick fog.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/on-n-y-voit-rien-dans-cet-epais-brouillard.mp3″]

31.

la brume

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-haze.mp3″]

Haze

Il y a une brume Ă©paisse sur la ville./ There is a thick haze over the city..

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-y-a-une-brume-epaisse-sur-la-ville.mp3″]

2.5 Wind-related words

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

32.

le vent

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-wind.mp3″]

Wind

Le vent souffle fort./ The wind is strong.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/le-vent-souffle-fort.mp3″]

33.

la brise

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Breeze

Je sens la douce brise sur le visage./ I can feel the gentle breeze on my face.

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34.

la rafale de vent

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A gust of wind

Une rafale de vent a emporté mon chapeau./ A gust of wind blew my hat away.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/une-rafale-de-vent-a-emporte-mon-chapeau.mp3″]

35.

la tornade

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-tornado.mp3″]

Tornado; Twister; Whirldwind

La tornade a déraciné plusieurs arbres./ The tornado uprooted several trees.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/la-tornade-a-deracine-plusieurs-arbres.mp3″]

36.

l’ouragan

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Hurricane

L’ouragan Katrina a laissĂ© de mauvais souvenirs./ Hurricane Katrina left some bad memories.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/l-ouragan-katrina-a-laisse-de-mauvais-souvenirs.mp3″]

37.

le cyclone

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Cyclone

Les cyclones sont assez rares dans cette région./ Cyclones are quite scarce in this region.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/les-cyclones-sont-assez-rares-dans-cette-region.mp3″]

38.

le typhon

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Typhoon

Les typhons causent des dégùts immenses./ Typhoons cause enormous damages.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/les-typhons-causent-des-degats-immenses.mp3″]

3. MOST-USED FRENCH WEATHER EXPRESSIONS BY TYPES

3.1 Type No1: [il fait…]

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

39.

il fait (trĂšs) chaud

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It’s (very) hot

Il fait chaud en Ă©tĂ©./ It’s hot in summer.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-fait-chaud-en-ete.mp3″]

40.

il fait (trĂšs) froid

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It’s (very) cold

Il fait froid en hiver./ It’s cold in winter.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-fait-froid-en-hiver.mp3″]

41.

il fait beau

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/french-it-is-nice-out.mp3″]

It’s nice out; The weather is nice

Il fait beau aujourd’hui./ It’s nice out today.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-fait-beau-aujourd-hui.mp3″]

42.

il fait un temps splendide

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The weather is gorgeous

Il fait un temps splendide ce soir./ She broke her arm during practice.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-fait-un-temps-splendide.mp3″]

43.

il fait mauvais

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The weather is bad

Il a fait mauvais toute la journée./ The weather has been bad all day.

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44.

il fait moche

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The weather is bad

Il fait moche cette semaine./ The weather is bad this week.

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45.

il fait un temps maussade

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The weather is gloomy

Dehors, il fait un temps maussade: il pleut./ The weather is gloomy outside: it’s raining.

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46.

il fait du vent

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It is windy

Il a fait du vent toute la nuit./ It was windy all night.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-a-fait-du-vent-toute-la-nuit.mp3″]

47.

il fait (du) soleil

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It is sunny

Il fait toujours du soleil dans mon beau pays./ It is always sunny in my beautiful country.

[sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://frenchtasticpeople.com/vocabulary-audio/french-weather-seasons/il-fait-toujours-du-soleil-dans-mon-beau-pays.mp3″]

3.2 Type No2: [il y a…]

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SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

48. il y a du brouillard

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It is foggy

Je conduis prudemment quand il y a du brouillard l matin./ I cut my fingernails every week.

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49. Il y a du vent

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it is windy

La promenade avec les enfants est annulĂ©e parce qu’il il y a du vent./The children’s walk has been canceled because it is windy.

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50. il y a du soleil

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It is sunny

Je mets un chapeau quand il y a du soleil./ I put on a hat when it is sunny.

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51. il y a un orage

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There is a storm

il y a des orages fréquents dans cette région./ There are frequent storms in this region.

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52. il y a des Ă©clairs

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There’s lightning

Mon petit frĂšre a peur quand il y a des Ă©clairs./ My little brother is scared when there is lightning.

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53. il y a du tonnerre

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There is thunder

Je me couvre les oreilles quand Il y a du tonnerre/ I cover my ears when there is thunder.

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3.3 Type No3: [il + verb]

french-english-vocabulary-translation

FRENCH

ENGLISH

SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

54. il neige

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It is snowing

Il met ses bottes de neige quand il neige./ He puts on his snow boots when it snows.

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55. il pleut

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It is raining

Je suis certain qu’il pleuvra demain./ I am certain it will rain tomorrow.

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56. il grĂȘle

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It is hailing

Je range ma voiture au garage quand il grĂȘle./ I park my car away in the garage when it hails.

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3.4 Type No4: [le temps est + adjective]

french-english-vocabulary-translation

FRENCH

ENGLISH

SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

57. le temps est orageux

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The weather/It is stormy

Le temps sera orageux demain./ It will be cloudy on tomorrow.

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58. le temps est nuageux

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The weather/It is cloudy

Le temps sera nuageux demain./ It will be cloudy on tomorrow.

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59. le temps est pluvieux

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The weather/It is rainy

Je reste chez moi quand le temps est pluvieux./ I stay home when the weather is rainy.

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60. le temps est couvert

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The weather/It is overcast

Le temps est couvert et frais./ The weather is overcast and cool.

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61. le temps est ensoleillé

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The weather/It is sunny

le temps est ensoleillé et clair./ The weather is sunny and clear.

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4. WEATHER-RELATED FRENCH IDIOMS AND EXPRESSIONS

french-english-vocabulary-translation

FRENCH

ENGLISH

SENTENCE EXAMPLES TO PRACTICE

62. faire un froid de canard

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(Said about a freezing weather)

Il fait un froid de canard./ It is freezing.

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63. pleuvoir des cordes

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Raining cats and dogs (a lot)

Il pleut des cordes./ It’s raining cats and dogs.

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64. faire un temps de chien

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(Said about an awful weather)

Il fait un temps de chien./ The weather is terrible.

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65. Cailler

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(Said about a bitter cold)

Ca caille!/ It’s bitterly cold.

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66. ĂȘtre trempĂ© jusqu’aux os

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Said when completely soaked

Je suis trempĂ© jusqu’aux os./ I am soaked to the bones.

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I hope this French weather word list was as helpful as we intended it to be for you. Leave us some comments or questions below. We love reading and answering them. 

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