Antecedent – antécédent
Let's Define It!
What's an *antecedent*?
An antecedent (in French: un antécédent) is the noun appearing before (i.e. preceding) a relative clause and about which the relative clause gives a description.
Note that the antecedent usually directly precedes the relative pronoun (qui, que, où, dont) introducing the relative clause.
For example, in "Je connais la fille que tu regardes." [I know the girl that you are looking at) the noun fille is the antecedent; it precedes the relative clause "...que tu vois", which in turn offers some information about la fille (the girl).-->>>which girl? the one you are looking at (que tu vois).
Let's Pronounce It!
What does it sound like in French?
Let's Have an Example or Two!
Can a little reinforcement do the trick?
Here are a few sentences with an antecedent (underlined) and a relative clause.
- L'homme qui arrive est mon prof. / The man who is arriving is my teacher.
- J'ai vu le film dont tu as parlé. / I watched the movie about which you spoke.
- Nous avons le criminel que vous recherchiez. / We have (caught) the criminal you were looking for.
- Voici la ville où est né mon père. / Here's the town where my father was born)