Case – cas


Let's Define It!

What's a *case*?

A case (or un cas in French) is a grammatical category related to the forms of a noun, pronoun, adjective, determiner and which indicates its grammatical relation to other words or its semantic role in relation to the verb.

There are various cases in French the following among others:

  • the accusative case (related to the complément d'objet direct - direct object)
  • the nominative case (related to the subjects of transitive and intransitive verbs)
  • the ergative case (related to the subjects of transitive verbs only)
  • the dative case (related to the indirect objects)
  • the genitive case (in the expression of possession


Let's Pronounce It!

What does it sound like in French?


Let's Have an Example or Two!

Can a little reinforcement do the trick?

Here are a few sentences below with various grammatical cases (as shown above in the "Definition" section. They are underlined for your convenience.

  1. Je vois un homme aux cheveux longsI see a man with long hair --> accusative case for direct object
  2. Paul et ses parents iront en France cet été. Paul and his parents will go to France this summer. --> nominative case for subject.
  3. Il pense à Christine tout le temps. He thinks about Christine all the time. --> dative case for indirect object.


Let's Take a Quiz!

What did you learn?