Case – cas
Let's Define It!
What's a *case*?
A case (or un cas in French) is a grammatical category related to the forms of a noun, pronoun, adjective, determiner and which indicates its grammatical relation to other words or its semantic role in relation to the verb.
There are various cases in French the following among others:
- the accusative case (related to the complément d'objet direct - direct object)
- the nominative case (related to the subjects of transitive and intransitive verbs)
- the ergative case (related to the subjects of transitive verbs only)
- the dative case (related to the indirect objects)
- the genitive case (in the expression of possession
Let's Pronounce It!
What does it sound like in French?
Let's Have an Example or Two!
Can a little reinforcement do the trick?
Here are a few sentences below with various grammatical cases (as shown above in the "Definition" section. They are underlined for your convenience.
- Je vois un homme aux cheveux longs. I see a man with long hair --> accusative case for direct object
- Paul et ses parents iront en France cet été. Paul and his parents will go to France this summer. --> nominative case for subject.
- Il pense à Christine tout le temps. He thinks about Christine all the time. --> dative case for indirect object.