Disjunctive / stressed / emphatic pronoun – pronom disjonctive / emphatique
Let's Define It!
What's a *disjunctive pronoun*?
A disjunctive pronoun is a pronoun with many names. It is also referred to as emphatic pronoun or stressed pronoun or tonic pronoun.
In French, we call this pronoun a pronom emphatique or pronom tonique or pronom disjoint.
This is a pronoun that is often not directly attached to the verb as its subject or object (hence disjunctive). It is a stressed form of a personal pronoun used in isolation or in specific contexts.
- after prepositions: de, sans, pour, avec and so on. Je viens avec toi. / I am coming with you.
- in sentence fragments (with no verbs). Qui a mangé mon chocolat? Moi. / Who ate my chocolate? Me.
- in comparative sentences -- elle est plus rapide que moi. / She is faster than me.
- After coordinating conjunctions like ni or et -- Je ne veux ni toi ni lui.
- after c'est or ce sont -- C'est moi qui ai pris ton parapluie. / It is I who took your umbrella.
Let's Pronounce It!
What does it sound like in French?
Let's Have an Example or Two!
Can a little reinforcement do the trick?
Below, you will find a few sentences containing a disjunctive pronoun. They are underlined and bolded for your convenience.
C'est avec moi que vous viendrez. / It's with me that you will come.
Il ne la connaissait pas, mais, elle, elle savait déjà son nom. / He didn't know her, but she already knew his name.
C'est lui qui a parlé / It is he who spoke.