Nonfinite clause – proposition non finie


Let's Define It!

What's an *nonfinite clause*?

nonfinite clause (in French, une proposition non finie) is one (i.e. clause) that cannot stand alone.

A nonfinite clause rarely takes any subject, and its verb is either infinitive, gerund or past participle) -- These three moods cannot be inflected (no inflection) for tense, person or number.

Finally, a nonfinite clause is a dependent clause that serves as a subject or a complement to a verb, preposition or noun.

For example, in "J'aime faire mes devoirs à temps.", faire is complement of the verb aime.


Let's Pronounce It!

What does it sound like in French?


Let's Have an Example or Two!

Can a little reinforcement do the trick?

Below I will give a few sentences including nonfinite clauses. They are underlined for your convenience.

  1. Boire beaucoup d'eau est bon pour la santé. / To drink/drinking a lot of water is good for your health. (infinitive)
  2. Virés sans avis par la compagnie, les travailleurs se sont mis en grève. Fired without notice by the company, the workers went on strike. (past participle)
  3. En revenant de la gare, j'ai rencontré Marie. Coming back from the station, I met Marie. (gerund)


Let's Take a Quiz!

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