Noun phrase – syntagme nominal


Let's Define It!

What's *noun phrase*?

In French, a syntagme nominal (noun phrase)  is a constituent of a clause that contains at least a noun connected to an article/determiner or a modifier (adjectives).

Basically, the head (noyau) of a noun phrase is a noun (and that's exactly why it's called a noun phrase duh!)

noun phrase may be a subject, an object or a complement.

For example, in "Mon ami arrive arrive ici." My friend is arriving here,  mon ami is a noun phrase.

A noun phrase can be embedded in another noun phrase:

"le père de ma voisine est avocat" My neighbor's father is a lawyer. While le père de ma voisine is a noun phrase, de ma voisine (my neighbor) can also stand as a noun phrase inside the noun phrase le père de ma voisine. Think of sub-noun phrase(s) with a noun phrase.


Let's Pronounce It!

What does it sound like in French?


Let's Have an Example or Two!

Can a little reinforcement do the trick?

Below you will find a few examples of noun phrases (in bold).

  • le coureur le plus rapide est Hussein Bolt. The fast runner is Hussein Bolt. 
  • J'ai mangé ton chocolat I ate your chocolate. 
  • La table verte décorée de fleurs n'est pas très longue. The green flower-decorated table isn't very long.


Let's Take a Quiz!

What did you learn?