Participle – participe


Let's Define It!

What's a *participle*?

There are two types of participles in the French language:

  1. present participle --> it refers to an action in progress, a process and you form it by adding -ant to the stem. This is the -ing in English (making, eating, etc.) "Voici un message annonçant le début du film." Here is a message announcing the start of the movie.

  2. past participle --> It is used in compound tenses (passé composé, pluperfect, etc.) in French. Elle est arrivée hier. She arrived yesterday

Just like the infinitive, the participle is an impersonal mood (unlike the indicative or subjunctive), which means verbs in the present or past participle aren't conjugated, (no tense, no person, no number --well, the past participle can agree in number with the preceding direct object (p.d.o), so you can count this as an exception.)


Let's Pronounce It!

What does it sound like in French?


Let's Have an Example or Two!

Can a little reinforcement do the trick?

Here are some sentences with participles.

J'ai vu Roger jouant dans le parc. I saw Roger playing in the park.

Nous sommes allés à Paris l'été dernier.

Elle entend le vent soufflant avec force dehors. She hears the wind blowing forcefully outside



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